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Chloride Anion Cl

The formation of THM is considered a lot more detrimental in potable water than the reduction of the antimicrobial capabilities of absolutely free chlorine. Thus, ammonia is usually injected into the chlorine feed stream to type chloramines ahead of the chlorine is fed into the potable water stream. Even though chlorine gas only dissociates into 50% HOCl or OCl -, it is deemed one hundred% available chlorine. Simply because of this definition, it is possible for a compound to have far more than 100% accessible chlorine. Witkin has reviewed both UV mutagenesis and inducible DNA repair. The significant precise mechanisms...